If you’ve been running Yosemite Server (OS X Server version 4), you may have received an App Store notice about a free upgrade to OS X Server 5. According to Apple, OS X Server 5 is “operating system independent,” meaning that it can run on both 10.10.5 Yosemite (and later) and 10.11 El Capitan. Charles, nonetheless, says that while OS X Server 5 does run on Yosemite, he doesn’t really recommend doing so. He also notes that OS X Server 4 won’t run on El Capitan.
So, bottom line, if you plan to upgrade your server Mac to El Capitan, get the OS X Server upgrade at that time—not before. Also, we recommend that you wait until people like Charles test Server 5 and report back.
Apple’s El Capitan Preview page now states that OS X 10.11 El Capitan will ship on September 30. That’s about three weeks earlier than most of us had predicted! But it’ll be fantastic for everyone to be able to get their hands on the new operating system sooner rather than later.
Accordingly, we plan to release version 1.1 of Take Control of Upgrading to El Capitan on September 30 too. Version 1.1 will be roughly double the length of version 1.0, and will include complete, step-by-step instructions for downloading, installing, and configuring El Capitan once it ships. The expanded version of the book will be free to everyone who purchased version 1.0.
The moment El Capitan becomes available to the public, we’ll download and install it on as many Macs as we can, to verify that everything in the book is still correct—Apple occasionally makes small, last-minute changes—and to add a few final details such as the URL for the download page in the App Store. Then we’ll zip through our production and distribution steps. In past years, this whole process has typically taken a few hours, but we feel it’s worth it to make the book as accurate as possible. So, on September 30, if you want to download El Capitan as soon as it appears on the App Store, go ahead—but I suggest quitting the installer as soon as it opens and hanging on for just a bit until you can read my final recommendations.
Although we at Take Control Books are confident that we produce high quality helpful technology guides, it’s always nice to get outside validation. Such is the case with Elisa Pacelli’s recent review of Kirk’s guide to Audio Hijack Pro. In addition to writing for the venerable (20 years!) Mac-oriented site MyMac.com, Pacelli is also a co-host on the podcast 3 Geeky Ladies, so you can bet she’s familiar with the issues you can encounter when recording and editing audio. That makes it particularly gratifying to hear that she finds the book “a must have companion resource” to the Audio Hijack Pro software. We’re chuffed to read that we’re not alone in thinking Kirk’s book “witty and easy to read” and money “well spent.”
If you’ve already installed the Mac operating system a dozen times over the past few decades hoping for a faster and more amazing Mac only to find that the process has kept you inside on a sunny day and left you with a slower or more unstable Mac, or a Mac that can’t connect to the Internet, or a printer that won’t print, or a copy of iTunes that hides its sidebar, or just plain fuss and bother, you probably aren’t looking forward to yet another upgrade. You’ve got better things to do.
Take Control reader David L. expressed this in email yesterday, saying, “However, I haven’t updated to Yosemite yet and after seeing the crappy user interface changes we got when I updated my wife’s Macbook from Mountain Lion to Yosemite, I doubt that I will. Her system is more cranky and less useful with Yosemite than it was with Mountain Lion. What would be more useful for us than a ‘how to’ would be ‘a should I?’ or a ‘why upgrade?’ article in TidBITS.”
As we ponder the idea of a TidBITS article about this topic, I wanted to share with you what TidBITS Publisher Adam Engst had to say about the matter, in his email reply to David:
I’ve been thinking about this a lot, actually. On the one hand, I sympathize entirely — I think these upgrades are coming too fast, and providing too little user benefit. But here’s the downside. If you wait too long, you can end up with a difficult upgrade, or, in the worst case, lost data.
I still hear from people still moving away from the email client Eudora, and it’s gotten really hard to do now, since the software that was new in 10.6 Snow Leopard days hasn’t seen any development since, and the developers themselves may have moved on or taken it down. And the community knowledge has evaporated — it takes me a long time to remember anything useful about Eudora now.
Another guy (a tech journalist, even) just wrote in with a problem where he’d waited too long to update iPhoto, and now his iPhoto library is too old for Photos to import it. And he can’t easily update iPhoto because it’s not for sale any more.
The other problem is that Apple does introduce niceties for developers in each release, so developers have to make hard decisions about how far back to keep their code working. A lot of the time it’s not feasible to maintain backward compatibility, so people who don’t upgrade begin to have trouble keeping their devices up to date with third-party software. And that in turn forces developers to keep older versions around and to answer questions, which costs them money without generating any upgrade income.
Beyond what Adam has said, another reason to update is when you have more than one Apple device (any combination of a desktop Mac, laptop Mac, iPad, iPhone, iPod touch, Apple Watch, or Apple TV) — when it comes to any sort of cloud-related connections, these devices do work better together if they are all running the latest system software. If you don’t keep the system software current on your devices and you then buy one new device, that purchase can trigger a domino effect, requiring all of your other devices to be updated so that the new device will work properly with the others. That’s not to say that you should update your devices the moment a new Apple operating system is released: a prudent user may want to wait about 4 months to give Apple time to smooth out glitches. For example, if Apple normally rolls out big new changes in, say, October, then February might be a good time for you to jump on the update bandwagon.
Then there’s security. Security enhancements are usually a big focus of pretty much any operating system upgrade, and the more current you keep the systems on your devices, the more likely it is that their systems, and the communications they participate in, will be secure. To that end, if you were to follow my advice and upgrade everything in February, I would also suggest staying on top of upgrades within that operating system version. So, if you upgrade to El Capitan and iOS 9 in February, I would recommend promptly installing all subsequent updates to El Capitan and iOS 9, so your devices can benefit from any security fixes and any remaining bug fixes.
Finally, a lot of upgrading pain is the fuss and bother of things not working right, or not looking right. My primary motivation as editor-in-chief of the Take Control series is to provide people with helpful information about how to get more out of their Macs and related gear. I can’t promise that one of our books will make your Mac experience perfect — or that you will benefit from it without a certain amount of effort on your part — or without additional RAM installed in your Mac — but the Take Control ebooks do look at how to avoid or solve all manner of problems, and at how to customize your computing experience to your liking.
It would be easier if computers never changed. They’d be our faithful companions where we store our receipts and recipes, where we compose love letters and novels, and where we enjoy our streaming videos and cat photos. We’d spend our computing time on scientific calculations, composing orginal music, and printing broken appliance parts to our 3D printers…
… but that’s the rub: If our computers never changed, we’d not be storing receipts, because we wouldn’t be able to afford a fast scanner and there would be no cloud to download them from. We could compose a love letter or novel, but there would be no self-publishing to Amazon and a 300-page manuscript would still be nearly impossible to load into our favorite word processor. There would be no streaming of anything, except conventional TV and radio. We could do scientific calculations, but not with anything close to the big data crunching that we can do now. GarageBand and its ilk would not exist. And we’d still have to go to extra lengths to print a curly quote.
But is the advance of computer technology all digital nirvana? No it’s not, nor is it even close. It’s a completely human endeavor: messy and half-broken, flawed and half-baked. As a consequence, we stare at progress bars and spinning gears. When we want to get something done, we have to remember to use the View menu to see our sidebar, or wonder why the word “More” has turned into a … button. Tech companies are re-engineering and re-designing everything, it seems, and they are reinventing our most intimate digital spaces as they go, flinging around buttons and changing colors willy-nilly to suit themselves. If you’ve already upgraded your computer’s operating system more than a dozen times, you’ve seen first-hand how slowly computers seem to change from year to year, but how much they change from decade to decade. By writing this blog post, I can no more turn this tide of change than I can make the moon leave its orbit.
Should you upgrade? Yes, you should. This is because life goes on. Will the process be annoying? Probably. Will your jaw drop the first time you take a video call from your grandson on FaceTime? Or the first time you skip a long line by waving your wrist at a scanner? Or the first time your smartphone gets you to the right place in a foreign city by multi-leg public transit? Probably.
Prep for El Capitan with Early-bird Discounts on Take Control Books
Apple plans to release OS X 10.11 El Capitan this fall with under-the-hood improvements aimed at improving performance and zapping bugs, along with changes to the Finder and core Apple apps. Because it’s only a matter of time before your Mac starts nagging you to upgrade to El Capitan, we have the early-bird release of Joe Kissell’s Take Control of Upgrading to El Capitan available now and Scholle McFarland’s El Capitan: A Take Control Crash Course available for pre-order.
You must click a link on this page to load the necessary coupon. These discounts will expire once El Capitan ships.
More about Take Control of Upgrading to El Capitan
So you can prepare for the upgrade now, we’ve just published the 74-page Take Control of Upgrading to El Capitan. In this book, the ninth installment in our series of “Upgrading” titles, Mac wizard Joe Kissell helps you with hardware and software compatibility, problem prevention, prepping your drive, and picking the best installation method. Whether you’ll be upgrading from the 10.11 El Capitan public beta or from 10.4 Tiger — or anything in between! — Joe coaches you through making a bootable duplicate of your main drive and gives you pointers for eliminating digital clutter and handling last-minute preparations.
Once Apple releases El Capitan, we’ll publish a version 1.1 update with full installation steps, post-installation advice, troubleshooting help, and more. Look for “Meet Me Back Here on Upgrade Day” in the book to learn how to get the free 1.1 update, or just watch for an email message with direct download links.
More about El Capitan: A Take Control Crash Course
In El Capitan: A Take Control Crash Course, by former Macworld editor Scholle McFarland, you’ll explore changes in the Finder and new features in apps like Safari and Notes, and update your know-how of key Apple technologies, including notifications, iMessage, Handoff, iCloud Drive, AirPlay, AirDrop, and Family Sharing. You’ll also find directions for working with Finder tags and Finder window tabs, plus special topics on user accounts and troubleshooting. As with all our Crash Courses, this book is designed to make it easy to dip in and read quickly, picking just those topics that interest you.
When you pre-order this book, you’ll download a one-page PDF. After Apple makes the official release of El Capitan available, you’ll be able to click a button in the PDF to get the full ebook (in PDF, EPUB, and Mobipocket formats) and start learning about El Capitan. We’ll also send you email with download links.
In his second interview with Chuck Joiner of MacVoices this month, Kirk talks about why he finds Audio Hijack 3 a user-interface breakthrough for the venerable audio utility. He also explains the real-world approach he takes in the book. So give a listen — if you have Audio Hijack, you might even want to record it!
Replace the Dots with Numbers to See Your Cellular Connection Strength
When your iPhone connects with a cellular network, whether to access the Internet or to make calls, you should know that a weak cellular signal not only may affect data transfer speed or call quality but also requires your device to use more power — and that means your device’s battery drains more quickly. If your device’s five dot signal-strength indicator does not give you enough information about the strength of a signal (“is that 3-dot signal closer to a 2 or a 4?”), you can make your device show you the exact RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indication) measured in decibel-milliwatts. Josh Centers has written up the steps in TidBITS.
See Exact Cellular Signal Strength for Hotspot Happiness
If you use your iPhone or iPad to create a Wi-Fi hotspot for your other devices, you should know that a weak cellular signal not only may affect data transfer speed but also requires your your hotspot-supplying device to use more power — and that means your hotspot’s battery drains more quickly. If your device’s five dot signal-strength indicator does not give you enough information about the strength of a signal (“is that 3-dot signal closer to a 2 or a 4?”), you can make your device show you the exact RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indication) measured in decibel-milliwatts. Josh Centers has written up the steps in TidBITS.
Google has entered the Wi-Fi router marketplace with its newly announced OnHub device which purports to make establishing and maintaining a Wi-Fi network simple. If you are wondering whether Google’s device might be a suitable replacement for your router or make a useful addition to your Wi-Fi network, head on over to TidBITS where Glenn has posted his preliminary take on it.